Prius

Notes on Installing Sony XAV-AX100 in a 2010 Prius

Parts

Sony XAV-AX100 — $240

Metra 95-8226B Dash Kit for Toyota Prius 2010 Double DIN (Black)— $15

Metra TYTO-01 JBL Amplifier Interface Harness — $40

Axxess AX-TOYCAM2-6V Toyota Back-Up Camera Retain/Add-On with 6 Volt Turn on — $11

Metra 70-8114 Steering Wheel Control Wire Harness with RCA for 2003-Up Select Toyota/Scion/Lexus Vehicles — $7

Note: You do not need the ASWC-1 module, we’re just going to cannibalize this harness for it’s connectors

DC/DC Converter 12 to 5V — $7

3.5mm Tip/Sleve (Mono) adapter/pigtail — $8

Cllena High Speed Dual Port USB Car Charger with Audio Socket for Toyota Series — $15

Note: The 2010 Prius did not include a USB adapter/plug — even for the Trim V and/or Nav package

Note: For the 2010 Prius you’ll need the one that is 22mm x 33mm (0.87in x 1.3in). This is also the same size as the 2015 RAV4.

Steering Wheel Control

I originally thought I needed the ASWC-1, but as it turns out there’s two ways Steering Wheel Control (SWC) signals could be sent: either as voltage-based1 analog or as digital signals over the CANBUS.

Fortunately for me, both my Prius and the Sony XAV-AX100 use the voltage-based analog SWC signaling. I lopped off the black connector of the Metra 70-8114 (which normally would plug into the ASWC-1) and soldered to the red/white wires of the 3.5mm connector:

  • Green/Orange to thin White (SW1)
  • Green/Black to thin Red (SW2)
TerminalConditionSpecification*
L41-7 (SW1)Seek+ switch pushed< 0.8 V
L41-7 (SW1)Seek- switch pushed0.9 to 1.3 V
L41-7 (SW1)Volume+ switch pushed1.65 to 1.9 V
L41-7 (SW1)Volume- switch pushed2.45 to 2.6 V
L41-7 (SW1)Steering pad switch not operated3.28 to 3.5 V
L41-8 (SW2)MODE switch pushed< 0.8 V
L41-8 (SW2)On hook switch pushed0.9 to 1.3 V
L41-8 (SW2)Off hook switch pushed1.65 to 1.9 V
L41-8 (SW2)Voice switch pushed2.45 to 2.6 V
L41-8 (SW2)Steering pad switch not operated3.28 to 3.5 V

* With respect to L40-20 (GND)

On the XAV-AX100, there’s an option to program the SWC buttons, so I did that and everything works as expected.

Microphone

The Prius has a microphone (at least mine does) and I wanted to keep that microphone instead of adding a new one.

The microphone in the Prius requires 5V for it’s built in amp, which looks like is always powered when the car is on.

  • DC/DC Converter 5V to Prius L37-17 (MACC, Telephone microphone assembly power supply, 5V)
  • Sony XAV-AX100 Black to Prius L37-18 (SGND, Shield ground)
  • Sony XAV-AX100 Mic Tip to Prius L37-19 (MIN+, Microphone voice signal)
  • Sony XAV-AX100 Mic Sleeve to Prius L37-20 (MIN-, Microphone voice signal)

Note: I think this works…though I’m having some call quality issues. Not sure if it’s related to this, CarPlay, or something else.

Rear Camera Hookup Options

Assumes factory backup camera, remember to plug the Yellow RCA cable into the Radio as well.

You can buy the L42 connector with a pigtail from https://autoharnesshouse.com/49914.html, or just do what I did and stick a wire in the female connector and tape it .

Normal (only on when in reverse)

  • AX-CAM6 Blue/White(Reverse trigger) to Sony XAV-AX100 Purple/white (Reverse In) and to Prius L42-5 (Reverse Signal)
  • AX-CAM6 Black(Ground) to Sony XAV-AX100 Black (Ground)
  • AX-CAM6 Blue/Red (Camera power, 6V) to Prius L37-24(CA+, Television camera power supply, 5.5 to 7V)

Always available

  • AX-CAM6 Blue/White (Reverse trigger) to Sony XAV-AX100 Red (Accessory Power, 12V)
  • AX-CAM6 Black (Ground) to Sony XAV-AX100 Black (Ground)
  • AX-CAM6 Blue/Red (Camera power, 6V) to Prius L37-24 (CA+, Television camera power supply, 5.5 to 7V)
  • Prius L42-5 (Reverse Signal) to Sony XAV-AX100 Purple/white (Reverse In)

Other Notes:

  • The color and texture of the dash kit definitely does not match, but I’m not sure there is one that does.
  • It’s been a while since I’ve replaced a factory radio, and this one took me some time to figure out the SWC, microphone, and backup camera. I was used to the Old Days™ where the radio comes with a pigtail connector, you buy a pigtail connector for your vehicle, solder the two together and that’s it.
  • I installed the Dual port USB adapter, but only the USB connector for the audio is currently hooked up. I still need to hook up the second USB for charging. My current plan is to run the wire to the 12V cigarette adapter in the center console.
  • There’s an adjustment for the volume on the Metra TYTO-01, I think I set mine too low because A) I have the radio cranked up pretty high when driving (the Prius is notorious for road noise), and B) when I’m playing Spotify through CarPlay it sounds like the audio is clipping. So I’ll need to take the dash apart again and adjust that.
  • While I did remember to remove all the music CD’s from the factory radio before I uninstalled it, I forgot to clear the Oil Maintenance reminder message (which is set and controlled through the factory radio)…so I’ll probably need to hook it back up to clear it *facepalm*

Resources

0
  1. I think there also may be a resistive-based analog format as well…so three ways 

Operation Water Engineering: A Mission Trip to Haiti?

For several months now, shortly after I saw The Advent Conspiracy, I have wanted to be involved in humanitarian/missionary projects to bring clean water to places that don’t have it.

Last semester (Spring 2009), I was part of a group at Merge (Flatirons Community Church) that was looking for opportunities for college-aged people to be more active in mission work. It was at that point that I started developing more passion for using my engineering skills to serve other people, specially with regard to getting access clean water.

A specific idea I had was doing what I’ll call “emerging technology transfer.” The idea is that we would take some form technology and extract the emerging technologies out of it to be put to use in different ways. For example, technology in a Toyota Prius, could be used to design a wind turbine where the blades would be made using the same composite technology1, which would connect to a generator that is based on the regenerative braking system. The same motor-generator system would also be used to power the water pump. Excess energy would be stored for later use in NiMH batteries ius. And for the cloudy days, the efficient gas-engine could be used. There are other issues, such as: will they be able to maintain this equipment? So I digress.

Convergence, the Young Adult Ministry at University Presbyterian Church, is going on a mission trip to Haiti in January to “come alongside UPC ministry partners Bruce and Deb Robinson as they serve the Haitian people through various community development initiatives, mainly through flood control projects.”2

From upcconvergence.files.wordpress.com:

We will be doing a variety of work, ranging from irrigation projects, rebuilding structures damaged during hurricane season, and more. We will primarily work on construction projects. If you have specific professional skills, we will inquire to see if they might be useful to the community. In addition, you will get to see how God has been working through the Robinsons during their time in Haiti.

As it turns out, I do have specific skills that could probably be useful. I have a passion for the project, I can get the time off, and I can mostly afford the trip (if I decide to go, I may ask for some fund raising help). I’ve also never been to Haiti before, which would sort of tack on a bonus country to my Travel the World goal.

But there’s still that hint of reservation…is this what I should be doing?0


  1. I actually don’t know if such technology is used on the Prius, just assuming here. 

  2. http://upcconvergence.wordpress.com/mission-trips/haiti/